เรื่อง: Updated Bulk Ship Advice
 
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14 ธ.ค. 21, 06:10:10น.
Seagoing Bulk Carrier A General Purpose and Usage
 
Operation of sea going bulk carriers was not without dangers. Important shipboard issues require careful planning and caution. This site is a quick reference to the shipping industry in general and offers guidance and details on loading and discharging bulk cargo types. These limits are set by the classification societies. It is important to minimize the chance of stressing the ship's structures and comply with all safety guidelines to ensure safe passage at sea. The details pages of bulk carriers are filled with information that can be beneficial to those who work at the terminal and the crew members working onboard.
 
General characteristics of a seagoing bulk carrier
Bulk carriers are single deck vessels designed with top-side tanks and side tanks for hoppers in cargo spaces and are intended primarily to carry single-commodity solid bulk cargo. Bulk cargo that is solid refers to any substance, other than liquid or gas composed of particles, granules or any other large chunk of material that is generally similar in composition. It is loaded directly into the cargo areas of ships without immediate confinement. Grain, sugar, and ores in bulk are examples of such dry cargo. The broadest definition of the word bulk carrier, all ships designed to transport bulk goods (solid or liquid) in bulk could be classified as bulk carriers. Tankers also fall within this umbrella. In common usage, however, bulk carriers are used to describe vessels that are designed to carry solid bulk cargos. This includes grain and similar agricultural products as well as minerals like iron, coal, ore, and stone.   Peruse this dry bulkers info for more.
 
 
 
What Is A Bulk Carrier  The Main Characteristics Of Bulk Carriers Include:
 
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
 
The capacity of carrying varies between 3,000 and 300,000.
Average speed of 12 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small to medium-sized bulk carriers (carrying capacity of up to 40000 tonnes) typically include cargo handling equipment with larger vessels. Larger vessels use facilities on the shore to load and unload cargo.
Cargo hold dimensions are usually large with no obstructions. They also have larger hatch sizes which allow for easy loading/unloading.
The bulk carriers typically have one cargo hold dedicated as the ballast storage. This is a possibility to use on ballast voyages for improved stability. One or two further holds may be permitted for partially ballasting however only at port.
-They have single pull, hydraulic or stacking (piggy- back) type steel hatch covers
Ballast tanks of different types
Sloping topside wing tanks
Bottom side of wing tank sloping
Double bottom tanks
Post peak and peak peak ballast water tanks
 
Bulk solid cargo? Any substance, other than gas or liquid, that is composed of a mixture of particles, granules or any larger pieces of material generally of uniform composition and loaded directly into the cargo containers without any intermediary method of containment. Bulk carriers can transport various cargoes including "clean" foodtuffs and "dirty", minerals, and cargoes that may react with one another or with other sources of contamination, such as water. It is essential to ensure that cargo spaces are ready for the specific cargo. To load the cargo, it is important to wash the area thoroughly. A surveyor may be required to ensure that the space is ready to load. To avoid contamination, it is essential to get rid of any leftovers from a previous cargo. Damage to bulk cargo is usually caused by water. To stop water from entering hatch covers should be watertight. All fittings within the hold (ladders and pipes guards, bilge covers and so on.) should be inspected. It is crucial to examine the fittings within the cargo hold (ladders and pipe guards, etc.) and ensure they are correctly installed. They could be a cause of damages to conveyor belts and cause delays. The ship may be held accountable if the conveyor belts are accidentally discharged with cargo. Peruse this dry bulk vessels specialist for more.
 
 
 
Bulk Carrier, Bulker This vessel is intended to transport dry cargo. Bulk carriers that are conventional have only a single deck that has a one skin, double-bottom, topside and hopper side tanks. Bulk carriers are designed to load a maximum deadweight of any bulk cargo from heavy ore to light grain . The loading, transportation and discharge of dry bulk cargo isn't as simple or simple as people think.
 
Carrier for bulk materials that does not require equipment
A lot of bulk cargoes may have dangerous properties or change their properties during transport. Incorrect loading could cause damage to the vessel easily. The ship can bend if it is loaded to its maximum forward hold. This is called stress? could result in life-threatening consequences at sea, especially in bad weather. Other cargoes may also be affected by residues from prior cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes could be affected by water damage, e.g. cement power. It is not easy to verify true the weights or amounts of cargoes being discharged or loaded. These factors have serious implications on the operation of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes naturally form the shape of a circle when they are loaded onto conveyor belts. The angle that is created by the cone is known as 'angle of repose'. It varies from one cargo to the next. Cargoes made of iron ore, for example, will make an cone with an angle. The cargo that is able to move around freely will result in an angle-shaped cone that has a low angle. Cargoes with low angles of repose tend to move more through the course of transport. In some cases the use of bulldozers is required to distribute the load across the sides of the holdings as cargo is nearing completion. Although most dry bulk carriers utilize shoreside facilities for cargo loading or discharge Certain bulk carriers have self-unloading facilities using conveyors underneath the cargo hold or cranes in decks.